What Happened In Afghanistan During The Cold War
Background to the invasion on april 27 1978 soviet advised members of the afghan army overthrew and executed president mohammed daoud khan.
What happened in afghanistan during the cold war. The united states supported the afghanistan rebels in order to try and overthrow the communist government and to prevent the spread of communism. The communist government in russia disintegrated due to economic pressures the war in afghanistan and revolt in eastern europe. The soviet afghan war was a conflict wherein insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen as well as smaller maoist groups fought a nine year guerrilla war against the soviet army and the democratic republic of afghanistan government throughout the 1980s mostly in the afghan countryside. On december 24 1979 the soviet union invades afghanistan under the pretext of upholding the soviet afghan friendship treaty of 1978.
At the same time that america s strong friendship with its former client iran was disintegrating the soviet union was becoming mired in afghanistan. The mujahideen were variously backed primarily by the united states pakistan iran saudi. December 24 1979 february 15 1989 leaders. Both gorbachev and reagan played major roles in ending the cold war.
Many historians believe that in the end the soviet war in afghanistan was key in destroying one of the cold war world s two superpowers. Forces quickly toppled the taliban the faction that ruled afghanistan and provided sanctuary for al qaeda in the first months of the war only to face years of insurgency led by a reconstituted taliban. The soviet afghanistan war was fought between afghanistan rebels called the mujahideen and the soviet supported afghanistan government. The soviet war had a damaging impact on afghanistan.
The goal of the united states was to stop the spread of communism while the soviet union wanted to spread communism in order to increase their own sphere of influence. On december 27 1979 the soviets invaded killing the marxist head of state installing a puppet regime and eventually committing almost 100 000 troops to fight the muslim guerillas the us saw moscow s. The deaths of up to 2 million afghans in the war has been described as genocide by a number of sources. Afghanistan war international conflict beginning in 2001 that was triggered by the september 11 attacks.
In total 14 453 soviet soldiers died during the afghan war.
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