What Happened In Concentration Camps
Concentration camps are conventionally held to have been invented by the british during the second boer war but historian dan stone argues that there were precedents in cuba and in the philippines and concentration camps were the logical extension of phenomena that had long characterized colonial rule.
What happened in concentration camps. Eventually it had a network of more than 40 satellite camps. H itler established the first concentration camp soon after he came to power in 1933. Persons are placed in such camps often without benefit of either indictment or fair trial. The auschwitz concentration camp auschwitz is the german spelling of oswiecim quickly became the largest nazi concentration and death camp.
Concentration camps for slave labor in nearby factories and death camps for the systematic extermination of undesirables including jews gypsies homosexuals the mentally retarded and others. The major purpose of the earliest concentration camps during the 1930s was to incarcerate and intimidate the leaders of political social and cultural movements that the nazis perceived to be a threat to the survival of the regime. Although the word concentration camp has acquired the connotation of murder because. Funktionshäftling see etymology was a prisoner in a nazi concentration camp who was assigned by the ss guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks.
A kapo or prisoner functionary german. Following tests in september 1941 the lethal gas zyklon b was selected as the method of murder. The concentration camps 1933 1945. Also called prisoner self administration the prisoner functionary system minimized costs by allowing camps to function with fewer ss personnel.
To date no conclusive evidence has ever surfaced to support this claim but that didn t stop the nazis from telling inmates that it was true. This just goes to show the horrific lengths nazis went to to break prisoners everything in the camps had to have the. Concentration camp internment center for political prisoners and members of national or minority groups who are confined for reasons of state security exploitation or punishment usually by executive decree or military order. T he nazis set up their first concentration camp dachau in the wake of hitler s takeover of power in 1933.
Abbreviated as kl or kz were an integral feature of the regime in nazi germany between 1933 and 1945 the term concentration camp refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy. By the time of its liberation auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub camps. The first concentration camp. By the end of the war 22 main concentration camps were established together with around 1 200 affiliate camps aussenkommandos and thousands of smaller camps.
It was an oft repeated myth that the nazis made jews use soap made from the fat of previous holocaust victims.
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