What Happened In Zambia In 1953
Mimi coertse leaves south africa for london.
What happened in zambia in 1953. There was little attempt to educate the colony s african population until shortly before zambia s independence in 1964. By 1939 zambia was the worlds main source of copper and was potentially a rich country. The federation of northern and southern rhodesia and nyasaland with its own constitution existed from 1953 to 1963. It was initially administered as were the two earlier protectorates by the british south africa company bsac a chartered company on behalf of the british government.
The indigenous hunter gatherer occupants of zambia began to be displaced or absorbed by more advanced migrating tribes about 2 000 years ago. Zambia was designed to function only for children of white settlers. Ten years later under the federal government of 1953 63 the demands of the anc are too timid for a radical younger generation determined by now to achieve an independent african state. Kitwe was founded as a copper mining center in 1936.
1953 creation of the federation of rhodesia and nyasaland. Zambia profile timeline. The communist party of south africa cpsa banned by the national party government relaunches itself underground as the south african communist party sacp. The earliest known modern humans to live in the territory of modern day zambia were the khoisans.
In the mid 1950s kenneth kaunda founded the zambia african national congress zanc a breakaway from the more conservative african national congress anc to fight for civil and voting rights for the african population. Kenneth kaunda leads a group which in 1958 splits from the anc and founds the zambia african national congress. The major waves of bantu speaking immigrants began in the 15th century with the greatest influx between the late 17th and early 19th centuries. 1972 zambia becomes a one party state with unip as the only legal party.
The fate of zambia changed dramatically in the late 1920s when rich underground deposits of copper and cobalt were discovered. 1976 zambia declares support for the independence struggle in rhodesia. Initialpostcolonial developments zambia in general and the copperbelt district in particular emerged from the white settler dominated. The presence of archaic humans in zambia at least 200 000 years ago was shown by the discovery of the broken hill skull in kabwe in 1921 this was the first human fossil ever discovered in africa.
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